Combination skin

Combination skin occurs when the skin is out of balance; resulting in some areas feeling oily and others dry. Usually the cheeks and skin around the eyes is dry and may be flaky, while the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) is oily and may be spot prone.

Common symptoms of combination skin

  • Oily patches usually within the T zone. Areas outside of the T zone can often be dry

  • Uneven skin tone

  • Large pores on nose

  • Breakouts and dry patches happen at the same time


what happens to the skin

Sebaceous glands are within our skin and are meant to excrete sebum (oil) to protect the skin from drying out.  It also helps remove dead skin cells and irritants from our pores. 

Oily skin results from the overproduction of oil in the sebaceous glands, which can leave the skin shiny, with large visible pores. If you have oily skin, you might struggle to control shine and have acne or blemishes. 

Although it is often associated with teenagers people may find they have oily skin into adulthood. Hormonal changes can be responsible for oily skin as an adult, especially during pregnancy. 


what causes combination skin

Lifestyle factors should also be taken into consideration when trying to reduce oily skin.  These include


Stress causes the production of cortisol to increase which in turn increases oil production.


Dairy products can disrupt hormone balance where testosterone and progesterone can rise when dairy is consumed causing increased oil production.  

Overconsumption of sugar and greasy foods has also shown to increase hormone production.


Makeup can clog pores making it more difficult for oil to come out of the skin.


take care of combination skin

  • Exercise, this gets the blood flowing an increases nutrients being delivered to the skin

  • Meditate, stress can cause increased oil production so meditation can help ease this

  • Drink plenty of water as this will help keep the skin hydrated. Oily skin can get dehydrated.

  • Have a balanced diet that avoids simple carbohydrates like white bread, refined sugar and fizzy drinks.

  • Use oil-control paper to blot away excess oil


skincare for combination skin

Now you know if you have combination skin. Now you can take the steps necessary to care for it accordingly. While you may want to use different products in different areas of your skin looking for the right skincare products the number of options can be overwhelming. The most convenient approach is to find a gentle skincare solution that suits most skin types like Sönd Alkaline Skincare Range. The alkaline range has a slightly higher pH than water. Meaning more oxygen in a liquid which allows the skin cells to absorb more water and increase skin’s hydration while being lightweight enough for those oily areas.

  • Cleanse twice a day to remove oil.  Use warm water as hot water can irritate the skin.  Don’t be tempted to wash your face more than twice a day.  Stripping your skin of its oils too often will only encourage it to produce more.

  • Moisturise.  Oily skin can be dehydrated so it’s important to moisturise daily.

  • Use a face mask on a weekly basis to absorb oil and toxins

  • Don’t use heavy cosmetics as they can block pores and trap oil

  • Don’t use anything that dries out your skin, this can cause your skin to produce more oil.  SD alcohol and denatured alcohol are common culprits


Understanding skin types

Factors and time can change your skin throughout your life. Therefore, it’s important to know your skin before committing to any product. 

Don't confuse dehydrated skin with dry skin

When observing your skin make sure you don’t confuse dehydrated skin with dry skin. It is hard to distinguish between the two and it’s possible to have both but it's important to know the differences in order to find the best skincare product for your skin. 

Recognising dehydrated skin

If your skin feels tight and dull even when moisturised, you probably have dehydrated skin. Dehydrated skin lacks water in the cells (what makes skin look plump), drinking plenty of water and using products with humectants like hyaluronic acid and glycerin like Sönd Strength Training Serum is ideal when dealing with dehydrated skin. 

Recognising dry skin

On the other hand if your skin is rough and flaky you probably have dry skin. Dry skin is when our sebaceous glands don’t produce enough sebum (the oily substance that protects the skin), products rich in coconut oil, like Sönd Midnight Feast Night Cream will provide a deep skin nourishing while repairing the skin’s natural barrier. 

Recognising combination skin

If a moisturiser is great for you cheek area but leaves your forehead, nose and chin an oily mess then you probably have combination skin. Combination skin can cause large pores, blackheads, fine lines and wrinkles. This type of skin is more common than what you think, not using the right skin care product can worsen the problem or even cause it. Although the right skin care product won’t solve the problem it will improve it by hydrating the dry patches while minimising the oil in oily areas.


if you HAVE combination skin

If you think you may have combination skin - but want an easy way to check - take a look at our quick guide below. 

1. Cleanse 

Use your usual cleanser to wash your face, and then pat your skin dry. Leave your skin alone and just go about your usual business for an hour. 

2. Observe 

After an hour, come back and take a good look at your skin. Take note of how the skin on different parts of your face appears; Is your skin looking dry all over? Is it looking oily all over? Or is it a variation of both? 

Other tell tale signs of combination skin are overly dilated pores, and blackheads in the areas that are showing more shine. 

3. Take the Tissue Test 

After taking a good look at your skin, it’s a good idea to try the tissue test. Using some pieces of tissue, blot different areas of your face with a individual pieces of tissue. If the tissue you’ve used on the drier areas has no oil on it, and if the tissue you use on the shinier areas has oil on it, then you have combination skin. 

Now you know if you have combination skin you can take steps to care for it accordingly. While you may want to use different products on different areas of your skin, the most convenient approach is to find a gentle skincare solution that suits most skin types. 

It's also very important to eat the right foods and take skincare supplements in order to improve the overall all health of your skin. This ensures your skin can perform efficiently and regulate it’s own moisture retention capabilities from the inside out.