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How Does Alcohol Affect My Skin?

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How do you unwind at the end of a long or stressful week? How about after a long or stressful day? Some of us would say, “I flop onto the sofa, watch some reality TV, then crawl to bed”. (Sounds good, right?)

Others would respond by saying that they went to the gym, or did some crafting or went for a head clearing walk. However we choose to unwind, it’s our absolute right to enjoy it. 

What if we reach for the nearest wine bottle or stopped off at the pub on our way home from work? We wouldn’t be alone. Millions of us Brits unwind with an alcoholic drink at the end of the day or week. And there’s nothing inherently wrong in that whatsoever.

But how does drinking alcohol impact our skin? We know that after a particularly long or heavy session with the Sauvignon Blanc that our skin might look a bit sallow (we can thank the dehydrating nature of alcohol for that). 

We also know that drinking more than the recommended amount of alcohol isn’t good for our liver. The NHS also advises that if we drink more than the 14 recommended units of alcohol per week on a regular basis, we’re also more at risk of developingheart disease, strokes, certain cancers and pancreatitis

So what about our skin? Are there long term risks to our skin when we consume alcohol? What about if we don’t overindulge and stick to the recommended guidelines? Does any level of alcohol have an impact? 

Here’s what we found out…

The impact of drinking alcohol on the skin

Sadly, there’s no two ways about it,alcohol is dehydrating. And it dehydrates us however much we drink, even if we don’t drink to the point of getting a hangover the next day. 

This is because alcohol is a diuretic, and as anyone who’s drunk alcohol will know, a diuretic is something that makes you pee. 

More technically, a diuretic forces fluids from the blood into the kidneys and then the bladdermore quickly than other drinks. That’s why, when we start drinking alcohol, we tend to need to pee soon after, and we continue to need to throughout our meal or drinking session. The more we pass urine, the more dehydrated we become. 

There are circumstances when this dehydration can have more of an effect, too. For example, if we consume alcohol on an empty stomach, the alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream more quickly. This then means that the diuretic effect begins much quicker, too. 

The effects of dehydration cause the familiar hangover headache the next day, due to the tiny blood vessels in our heads becoming constricted (or narrowed) due to a lack of water.  That’s why we crave fluid the morning after, and why it eventually helps to cure our headaches. 

But dehydration also spells bad news for our skin. The small blood vessels that supply water, oxygen and nutrients to the skin also become constricted when we drink alcohol. 

Dehydrated skin appearsdry and sallow looking, and it may feel itchy or flakey. It’s lacking moisture, or more specifically, water (as opposed to dry skin, which is a long term skin type caused by a lack of natural oils in the skin). You may also notice dark circles around your eyes once your skin becomes dehydrated, and your skin may just look like it's lost its vigour and glow.

Skin that’s become dehydrated through drinking alcohol may also appear puffy or bloated, again due to dehydration. 

Alcohol also has an inflammatory effect on the body, which can lead to fluctuations in our hormones. This in turn can then make us sufferspots and acne breakouts, especially if we have acne prone skin. 

But what about the effects of long term, heavy drinking? So far, we’ve spoken about the effects of keeping to our limits and the occasional blow out. 

Chronic drinking causes changes in our blood pressure,causing it to increase. High blood pressure causes the blood vessels to the skin torupture or burst. This gives us visible red, broken spider veins in our skin. 

Our eyes may also appear bloodshot in these circumstances too, due to the blood vessels in the eyes being affected. The nose can also be affected over the longer term, causing it to become red and bulbous. 

Bottoms up on the bottom line

When we’re thinking or reading about our alcohol consumption, it's easy to forget that there are some benefits to drinking alcohol.

The headlines of the illnesses and diseases associated with alcohol consumption are scary. And we’re all always going to know someone who, for their own personal reasons, doesn’t touch a drop.

But, within reason, drinking a glass or two, a few times a week isn’t devastating. If drinking our favourite drink helps us to relax, then we think that’s a good thing, because stress has a large impact on our emotional and physical health. 

So the advice is, keep your alcohol consumption to within the guidelines. Remember, the 14 units advice is a maximum guideline, not a target. It’s probably better to be under 14 units on some weeks. It’s always a good idea to have several alcohol free days each week, too. 

Mix up your drinks by drinking water with meals and alongside your alcoholic drinks to help you avoid dehydration as much as you can. 

You can also support the health of your skin by using nourishing skin care products specifically designed to support the skin, whatever its needs. Ourrange of alkalising cleansers, moisturisers, serums and masks support all skin types. 

We’ve added hydrating ingredients such assqualane andglycerin and left out the harsh, chemical ingredients that can spell bad news for the skin. So if you drink alcohol, support your skin with our nourishing skin care and let your skin do the talking! 

Sources:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/alcohol-misuse/

https://www.drinkaware.co.uk/facts/health-effects-of-alcohol/appearance/how-alcohol-affects-your-appearance

https://www.healthline.com/health/does-alcohol-dehydrate-you

https://www.healthline.com/health/dehydrated-skin#symptoms

https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/does-alcohol-cause-acne#effects

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/high-blood-pressure-hypertension/

https://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension/effect-on-body


Hannah de Gruchy BSc(Hons)

About Author

Hannah de Gruchy is a freelancer writer who specialises in health and wellness. She has a keen interest in the biology of skin and loves using her words to help separate the real science of skincare from the pseudoscience of some skincare brands. Hannah has a degree in Human Biology and many years’ experience working in laboratories around London. Using this experience, Hannah enjoys turning complex science into interesting, engaging and easy to digest pieces to read. In her spare time, Hannah runs, practices yoga and loves cooking plant based foods.

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