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Rosacea is a skin condition that causes a reddening of the skin, mainly in the face. This reddening can be temporary, characterised by a hot, flushed feeling, or it can become permanent. Rosacea can also lead to a burning or tingling sensation in the skin.
The redness associated with rosacea usually effects the cheeks, nose and chin, but it can spread upwards to the forehead or downwards towards the neck and chest.
In some people with rosacea, their skin can become so red and inflamed that it causes the thin blood vessels under the skin to become visible. Spots and cysts can also form, leading to acne rosacea. Unlike acne, acne rosacea doesn’t cause blackheads and oily skin, but like acne can lead to red bumps and pus-filled spots on the skin. It is possible to have acne and rosacea at the same time.
Having acne rosacea can also mean that your skin becomes dry, sensitive, itchy, painful or swollen. Red, raised, thickened patches of skin can also develop around the nose as well as irritation and inflammation in the eyes (ocular rosacea) and around the eyelids (blepharitis).
Rosacea and acne rosacea are conditions that can be dormant for a while, and then flare up periodically, depending on their triggers.
Acne rosacea can lead to feelings of embarrassment, low self-esteem and feeling depressed and we completely understand. Here we discuss the symptoms and causes of acne rosacea and the treatments you might find effective.
What causes acne rosacea?
The exact cause is not known, but acne rosacea can be caused by abnormalities in the delicate blood vessels of the facial skin.
A tiny mite called demodex folliculorum that naturally lives on the skin is also thought to contribute to acne rosacea. People with the condition appear to have much larger numbers of this mite living on their skin but this also may well be a consequence of having acne rosacea rather than actually causing it.
Exercise, exposure to the sun, stress, having a hot bath, feeling hot and uncomfortable or feeling cold can cause acne rosacea flare ups. Being in strong winds or humid conditions can also be triggers for acne rosacea.
Perimenopausal acne rosacea can affect women who are approaching menopausal age. The menopause itself can also be a trigger.
Acne rosacea and diet
Acne rosacea triggers also include hot drinks, hot, spicy foods, dairy products, caffeine and alcohol.
Everyone is different and can have different triggers for flare ups of acne rosacea. But if you find that any of these foods or drinks lead to a worsening of your symptoms, then it’s best to avoid them as much as possible.
Acne rosacea treatment
There is no definitive cure for acne rosacea, but you can take steps and use medications to reduce your symptoms and support your skin.
How to get rid of acne rosacea symptoms will be different for everyone, but here are some common treatment options.
Acne rosacea antibiotic treatment
Low dose doxycycline antibiotics are often prescribed for acne rosacea as well as oxytetracycline and tetracycline antibiotic drugs. These are normally prescribed for four to six weeks or longer to help reduce inflammation.
Antibiotic cream for acne rosacea
Metronidazole antibiotic cream can also be used to help treat recurrent pus-filled spots and angry, red, inflamed skin.
Topical treatments for acne rosacea
As well as antibiotic creams, topical treatments for acne rosacea include ivermectin and brimonidine creams and gels. Ivermectin is effective for treating pus-filled spots caused by acne rosacea and can be less irritating than metronidazole creams. It also helps to kill the skin mites that can contribute to the symptoms of acne rosacea. Brimonidine tartrate topical treatment for acne rosacea works by reducing the amount the blood vessels in the face can widen, helping to reduce redness and flushing.
Over the counter treatments for acne rosacea
Azelaic acid is available in cream form from pharmacies without a prescription. It’s a powerful anti-inflammatory which can be incredibly useful for helping to treat acne rosacea.
Acne rosacea laser treatment
Intense pulsed light (IPL) laser treatments can also help to reduce redness, visible blood vessels and flushing.
Acne rosacea diet
Avoiding the trigger foods mentioned above can help support an effective treatment plan for acne rosacea.
How to cure acne rosacea naturally
As well as conventional medical treatments, some people find that they can cure their acne rosacea symptoms naturally:
Acne rosacea herbal treatments
Using tea tree oil and aloe vera can calm facial skin affected by acne rosacea, and an oatmeal-based face mask can be incredibly calming. Used chamomile tea bags, cooled down and pressed onto the skin as a compress can also help to soothe red, hot skin.
Homeopathic medication for acne rosacea
To help treat redness of the skin, try the homeopathic remedy, agaricus muscarius. For pus-filled acne rosacea spots, some people find psorinum or silicea tablets effective.
Acne rosacea ayurvedic treatments
Ayurvedic treatments can help to tackle the underlying causes of acne rosacea by helping to treat excess heat in the skin and clear away a build-up of toxins. Green tea cream is helpful for reducing redness and inflammation and an Ayurvedic practitioner can help guide you through a Panchakarma five step process of cleansing and purging to help clear the skin.
Herbal, homeopathic and Ayurvedic treatments for acne rosacea are ideally used as part of a whole body, holistic approach, with a carefully planned diet rich in plant-based foods, gentle exercise and an overall healthy lifestyle.
Skincare for acne rosacea
At Sönd our mission is to empower anyone with acne prone skin to take control of their skin and manage their acne symptoms. So we developed a range of skincare products that support and nourish problem skin types.
Unlike many other products that claim to help treat acne and acne rosacea, our range is made with alkalising ingredients rather than acidic. They help to encourage and support stronger, healthier more hydrated skin. So why not try our alkaline cleanser and day cream to see how they could transform your skin?