Choosing the right moisturiser from the hundreds that are available can seem an overwhelming task if you don't know what to look for. There are lotions, creams, ointments and serums available for every skin type – and that's not even taking into account the endless list of ingredients that protect from sun damage, minimise visible signs of aging and give your skin a healthy glow. Nevertheless, using moisturiser is essential – whether you have dry skin, oily skin or a combination of both. Here's what to look for in a good moisturiser, depending on your skin type and specific needs.
The main purpose of moisturiser is to hydrate the skin, but moisturisers also contain ingredients that can help prevent acne, boost collagen production, reduce wrinkles and improve the overall tone and texture of the skin.
Experts suggest the following guidelines to find the right product for your skin:
Moisturiser for dry skin
Those with dry skin should look for heavier creams and ointments that contain moisture-locking ingredients like hyaluronic acid. It’s also a good idea to slather on a night cream that’s rich in oils like skin-nourishing Argan, hemp seed and coconut oils.
Moisturiser for oily skin
Oily skin types will want to avoid heavy creams and ointments, which can clog pores and cause acne breakouts. Instead, look for a water-based lotion (lotion with water listed as the first ingredient).
Moisturiser for combination skin
Combination skin needs a moisturiser that will keep the dry parts of the face soft and supple while controlling oil production in the T-zone (the nose and forehead). When choosing a moisturiser for combination skin, look for formulas that balance the pH of the skin, like Sönd's Day & Night Duo.
Moisturiser for sensitive skin
Sensitive skin types will want to avoid moisturisers that contain potentially irritating ingredients like artificial colours, perfumes, AHAs and alcohols. Antibacterial ingredients can also be harsh on sensitive skin, as they strip the epidermis of sebum. When choosing a moisturiser for sensitive skin, look for terms like "fragrance-free" and "hypoallergenic."
Moisturiser for acne prone skin
If you are prone to acne breakouts, you'll want to choose a moisturiser that increases the skin's moisture without increasing oil production. Some terms to look for on the label of a good moisturiser for acne prone skin are non comedogenic, non-acnegenic and oil-free. Some moisturisers contain alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), retinoids, salicylic acid and other exfoliating agents that can help in treating mild or comedonal acne.
Moisturiser for aging skin
Those with aging skin will want a moisturiser that contains antioxidants, which neutralise free radicals and slow the breaking down of skin cells. Look for formulas with antioxidants like chamomile, green tea, licorice root extract and pomegranate to keep your skin looking plump and youthful.
Whether you have dry skin, oily skin, or any other skin type in between, choosing the right moisturiser is essential. The above guidelines should help you find the best formula for your skin and individual needs.